On February 19th, 2019, the National Government issued Resolution 312 of 2019 by means of which it established new and differentiated Minimum Standards of the Occupational Health and Safety Management System (SG-SST for its initials in Spanish).
This Resolution replaces Resolution 1111 of 2017 and is issued with the purpose of creating an organized and fair system that benefits SMEs, establishing a Management System adequate to the type of enterprise, number of employees an economic sector.
The most important aspects of these new standards are:
- Companies with 10 or less employees must obtain a certificate of accompaniment of the ARL (Labor Risks Entity) to carry out hazard’s identification, evaluation and risk assessment.
- Companies contracting with contractors of 10 or less employees, that provide services in their premises, will be able to support them, train them and advise them in the design and implementation of their SG-SST.
- Medical evaluations may be carried out through the provision of extramural services and telemedicine.
- New minimum standards are created for agricultural production companies.
- Activities and plans can be carried out jointly with other companies or entities of the same economic activity, geographical area or economic field.
- Strategic Traffic Safety Plans (PESV for its initials in Spanish) are articulated with the SG-SST.
- As of November 2019, each company must self-evaluate in compliance with the minimum standards and generate an annual improvement plan that must be sent to the ARL.
- Starting in 2019, companies must keep a record of the following performance indicators of OH&S: frequency and severity of accidents, proportion of fatal accidents, prevalence and incidence of occupational disease and absenteeism due to medical reasons.
- Independent workers and individuals who perform domestic work are excluded from the minimum standards.
- Thus, companies with less than 10 workers and risk I, II and III, will have to comply with 7 minimum standards, companies with 11 to 50 workers and risk I, II and III, 21; the agricultural production units, with 3 standards; those of 50 or less workers and risk IV and V and companies with more than 50 workers and risk I, II and III, have 60 minimum standards.
- The inspection, monitoring and control phase carried out by the Ministry of Labor, is postponed from April 2019 to November 2019 and onwards.
By the year 2020, all companies must execute their SG-SST on an annual basis.